Cooperation within the frameworks of ILO

Policy of Uzbekistan in the sphere of protection of children's rights on pages of the Kuwaiti newspaper Al-Nahar

Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour. It is emphasized that in 2013-2014 the social partners in Uzbekistan (Federation of Trade Unions, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Chamber of Commerce) together with experts from the International Labour Organization organized an international and national monitoring of child labor in the cotton industry. According to the Kuwaiti newspaper, the results of these studies confirm the absence of the country's use of child labor in the cotton harvest, which ...
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View from Greece: Uzbekistan - dynamically developing country

Round table on theme "The progress of cooperation between Uzbekistan, International Labour Organization and World Bank in the implementation of international labor standards", which has been held in Tashkent, quickened wide interest among expert circles in Greece. Round table on theme "The progress of cooperation between Uzbekistan,...
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European Union supports the further development of cooperation with Uzbekistan

This was announced by Head of the Delegation of the European Union in our country, Ambassador Yuri Stärk during the round table on "Improving the implementation of international legal mechanisms for children's rights", which was held on 8 September this year in Tashkent.
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UN: Uzbekistan gives the priority to protecting the interests and rights of children

UN: Uzbekistan gives the priority to protecting the interests and rights of children - Uzbekistan News
Informational material on the priority given to protecting the interests of children's rights in our country was presented as an official document on the 69th session of the UN General Assembly

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International cooperation for the improvement of labor relations

August 5-6, 2015 in Tashkent hosted round table on the theme "Progress in cooperation between Uzbekistan and the International Labour Organization and the World Bank in the implementation of international labor standards". August 5-6, 2015 in Tashkent hosted round table on the theme "Progress in cooperation between Uzbekistan ... ... International Organization of Employers, as well as heads of international organizations and a number of diplomatic missions of foreign countries accredited in Tashkent. On the first day of the following reports were presented national and foreign participants ...
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Meeting at Federation of Trade Unions with delegation of ILO and International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)


Meeting with the delegations of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), led by Special Adviser to the ILO Director Kari Tapiola and the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) as part of Adviser of the International Trade Union Confederation, Anton Tamm and Director of Global Academy of International Trade Union Confederation Steven Benedict held at Training Center of the Federation of Trade Unions.
Meeting_FederationDuring the meeting they discussed the components of decent work and the work carried out in the framework of decent work country programs.
The guests got acquainted that the trade unions of Uzbekistan through the mechanism of collective bargaining regulation are working to full compliance with ILO Conventions. Along with this, training of administration officials, experts and trade union trainers on national and international labor standards, is being organized. Training courses have been implemented in all colleges and high schools of the country on labor matters.
As part of the development of a feedback mechanism (FM) under the Federation of Trade Unions established Legal Clinic, which recruited 30 volunteers to establish operations in this direction. For MOS will be introduced a short telephone number, unified throughout the country.
The main purpose – to understand the complaints of citizens and on the results of the analysis to give suggestions to the relevant authorities and institutions of executive authority in the field to improve the activities of the Labour and Social Affairs.
Representatives of international organizations noted a huge role of Trade Unions in the development and implementation of Decent Work Country Programmes.
www.jahonnews.uz

Tripartite partners hold talks with ILO delegation

Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Tripartite partners (Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Populaion, Council of Federation of Trade Unions, Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan) held a meeting with the mission of the International Labour Organization (ILO) led by special advisor of the Director-General of the ILO Kari Tapiola.
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Committee of Legislative Chamber considers execution of ILO conventions

Tashkent, Uzbekistan - Committee of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan on democratic institutes, non-governmental organizations and self-governing bodies organized a hearing of information on execution of the Conventions No. 138 (On the minimum age for admission to employment and work) and No. 182 (On eliminating the worst forms of child labour) of the International Labour Organization (ILO) by the departments and organizations.
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UZBEKISTAN PROFILE: OVERVIEW OF MODERN LIFE OF UZBEKISTAN

12.07.2015


In Belgium, the special issue of the bulletin Uzbekistan Profile has been published, introduces the European public with the modern development of our country. It includes material on the social and economic reforms undertaken in the country measures to improve the welfare of citizens, protect their rights and interests.

The bulletin provides information on the cooperation between Uzbekistan and the International Labour Organization (ILO) for the prevention of the worst forms of child labor and forced labor. It says that in 2008 Uzbekistan has ratified ILO Convention 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour and ILO Convention 138 on the minimum age for admission to employment, which are successfully implemented.
In particular, the commitment of the Government of the Republic fulfill its international obligations and to strengthen the legal framework for the protection of the rights of minors, the important role of trade union organizations, including all the collective bargaining regulations on compliance with the minimum age for admission to employment and preventing the worst forms of child labor. The article also provides information on the activities of the Coordination Council on Child Labour, which is a public body, coordinating the efforts of government agencies and civil society institutions on the implementation of national policies and the improvement of work in this area.
The section on international cooperation, published articles on the recent visit to Uzbekistan, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Iyad bin Amin Madani, President of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach, president of the Association of National Olympic Committees and the Olympic Council of Asia Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah. The documents also said that reputable guests were received by the President of our country Islam Karimov.
Then newsletter introduces the audience to the swing of democratic reforms, speaking about the improvement in the mechanisms for implementing the Republic of effective parliamentary control, and the system of training of legal personnel, play an important role in the implementation of judicial reform and the development and prosperity of society.
Article, which is about the implementation in Uzbekistan of the State program "Year of attention and care for the senior generation", notes the role of trade unions in achieving the tasks of ensuring the full support of the elderly, veterans, the elderly and people with disabilities, protecting their rights and interests, improving their well-being. The article states that the implementation of measures within the framework of the State program trade union organizations of the country sent more than 16 billion soums.
In Uzbekistan Profile proanosirovano also holding the X-th anniversary of the International Music Festival "Sharq taronalari", which will be held on August 2015 in Samarkand. It is noted that this festival will be attended Folklor group from Belgium and the Netherlands, which will demonstrate vyzskatelnomu international jury and numerous domestic and foreign guests of the forum your art.
IA "Jahon", Brussels


THE TURKISH EDITION ABOUT THE CHILDREN'S RIGHTS PROTECTION IN UZBEKISTAN
10.07.2015

The official website of the Center for Research on International Security USGAM (Turkey) published an article "Uzbekistan's complex legal actions against forced child labor".
Activity of Uzbekistan in the field of child protection.

It gives details on activities in our country, a large-scale work to establish strong mechanisms to protect the rights of the child, as well as improving the national legislation and practice in line with international conventions.
As the newspaper writes, being a full member of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), Uzbekistan has ratified 13 ILO Conventions, including the elimination of forced labor and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour and others.
The article notes that the Commission for Minors, Republican Center for Social Adaptation of Children, Republican interdepartmental commission on combating trafficking in persons, the Coordination Council on Child Labour, Interdepartmental Working Group on the Application of Conventions ILO and others functioning in order to coordinate the activities of state authorities to ensure the protection of children's rights in the republic.
Special attention is paid to the fact that in the compilation of an international organization "Save the children" with the ranking of countries where Uzbekistan deservedly took the 9th place among 161 states.
IA "Jahon", Ankara


Activity of Uzbekistan in the field of child protection

At the headquarters of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the city of Minsk information material titled "The priority - protection of the interests and rights of children" has been distributed among the CIS member states.

It notes that for our country from the first years of independence the issues of children's rights, their health and quality education have become a priority of public policy. In particular, it creates a legal framework of the national education system aimed at radical reform of education, formation and development of the national training system at the level of developed countries.

In addition, it is reported that 92% of children in the country by the development parameters correspond to World Health Organization standards. In the the ranking of countries compiled by International organization "Save the children", which show the level of taking care of the health of the younger generation, Uzbekistan deservedly took the 9th place among 161 states.

In addition, the article also notes the measures taken for the effective implementation of ILO conventions, which is an important item on the agenda of collective bargaining between employers and trade unions. "General Agreement between the Government of the country, the Federation of Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce of the socio-economic issues in 2014-2016 contains a direct instruction about the parties' commitment to full compliance with ILO Conventions. Similar obligations are included in collective bargaining at the industry acts, territorial and local levels. In particular, almost all collective agreements include regulations on compliance with the minimum age for admission to employment and to prevent the worst forms of child labor", - the document stated.

The article focuses on the creation of the Coordination Council on Child Labour under the guidance of the Trade Union Federation of Uzbekistan. It is a public body and is formed on a permanent basis from representatives of relevant ministries and agencies, trade unions, employers' associations and other civil society institutions.

"The Council in its work pays special attention to monitoring the exclusion of child labor in various sectors of the economy. For example, in autumn monitoring is carried out in the cotton fields, while at other times it is carried out in business structures",- the article concludes.

IA "Jahon"

BNS informs about the protection of the interests and rights of children in Uzbekistan

The portal Baltic News Service BNS (Baltic News Service) in the category of social and political press releases posted information materials in Russian and English "Priority - protection of the interests and rights of children".

It reports that the Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan together with the interested ministries and departments of the republic with the support of the International Labour Organization (ILO) at the national and regional levels a series of "round tables" dedicated to the World Day Against Child Labour have been held.

At these events, it was noted that in Uzbekistan from the first years of independence the issues of children's rights, health, quality education for children became a priority direction of state policy. In particular, it creates a legal framework of the national education system aimed at radical reform of education, formation and development of the national training system at the level of developed countries.

"In 1992, Uzbekistan has ratified the ILO Convention "On the Rights of the Child", which is one of the first officially accepted international instruments. The country adopted the Law "On guarantees of the rights of the child". All documents relating to the interests of the child, the issues of children's rights are set at the level of international standards", - the article says.

IA "Jahon", Riga

"Round table" dedicated to the world day against child labour

Tashkent hosted a "round table" dedicated to the World Day Against Child Labour. It was organized by the Federation Council of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan (FCTU), International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Representation of Children's Fund of the United Nations (UNICEF) in our country.

Addressing at the meeting Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan A.Abduhakimov, chairman of FCTU T.Narbaeva, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce A.Shayhov, head of the UNICEF office in Tashkent R.Fuderich and others noted that in Uzbekistan, upbringing of harmoniously developed, smart and healthy young generation is a priority of state policy. Great attention is paid to education, to the development of which allocated more than 35% of the state budget.

As part of a state policy to prevent the worst forms of child labor in Uzbekistan conducted a large-scale work aimed at creating stronger mechanisms to protect the rights of the child, as well as the improvement of national legislation and practice in line with international conventions.

It was stressed that the country in 2008 ratified the Convention 182 of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour and ILO Convention 138 on the minimum age for admission to employment, which are successfully implemented. In order to strengthen the responsibility of economic entities and individuals for violation of the inadmissibility of the use of child labor, as well as for violation of labor legislation in respect of persons who have not attained the age of eighteen, in 2009 adopted the Law "On Amendments to the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility in connection with the improvement of the legislation on the protection of minors".

In accordance with this, this Code is supplemented by new regulations, impose more stringent liability officials and other persons for violation of labor legislation and labor protection of minors for using child labor in work that can harm their health, safety or morals, or for administrative enforcement of the minor to work.

Article 241 of the Labour Code prohibits the employment of persons under eighteen years of age in jobs with poor working conditions, underground and other works that may damage the health, safety or morals of this category of workers. Lifting and moving of loads exceeding the established norms by persons below eighteen years is not allowed.

It was noted that the adoption of appropriate measures for the effective implementation of ILO conventions is an important item on the agenda of collective bargaining between employers and trade unions. General Agreement between the Government of the country, the Federation of Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce of the socio-economic issues in the years 2014-2016 contains a direct instruction about the parties' commitment to full compliance with ILO Conventions. Similar obligations are included in collective bargaining at the industry acts, territorial and local levels.

The ongoing systematic work in this direction provides prevention of child labor. In order to enhance these activities under the leadership of the Trade Union Federation of Uzbekistan the Coordination Council on Child Labour. It is a public body and is formed on a permanent basis from representatives of relevant ministries and agencies, trade unions, employers' associations and other civil society institutions.

Coordinating Council played a crucial role in the organization and monitoring of child labor in the cotton industry, organized by Uzbekistan and the ILO in 2013, as well as in a national monitoring of child labor in cotton harvesting cotton in 2014.

The monitoring, which took place with the participation and technical support of ILO experts, revealed the absence of the use of forced child labor on a systematic basis in the collection of cotton and small business entities.

As a result of the announcement of the results of monitoring and conclusions of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations at the 103rd session of the International Labour Conference marked by positive progress in cooperation between Uzbekistan and the ILO. To identify cases of the presence of children in the cotton fields of regional groups monitoring drawn up removal of children, and with the help of labor inspections instituted the case on administrative responsibility.

An important preventive measure in the fight against child labor is the organization of summer recreation of children of school age. Every year, children's camps organized by the trade unions of the Republic of rest and improvement of about 300 thousand children. In particular, in 2015 it organized the work camps in 1149, in which preferential recovery of more than 287 thousand children is planned.

Taking into account the interests of the children activity of several specialized camps has been improved. Their number this year has reached 220, including camps for "Intellectual Development" and "Social adaptation" for children without parental care. More than 23 thousand qualified teachers, heads of clubs, sports instructors have been attracted to work in this area.

IA "Jahon"

CIS members are introduced to the measures carried out in Uzbekistan on protection of children's rights

Protecting children's rights is a priority of domestic and foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The country has taken concrete and effective measures aimed at preventing the use of child and forced labor.

This is referred to in the information material distributed by the Executive Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States and countries of the CIS.

The document notes that Uzbekistan has a robust legal framework that protects children's rights in the workplace. Constitution prohibited any form of forced labor, which is the legal basis for the protection of citizens from exploitation, discrimination and coercion. The legislation provides criminal penalties for forced labor and human trafficking, set the minimum age for admission to employment, prohibits the employment of persons under 18 years of age in 34 areas of production. This category of citizens are not allowed to 1673 specific professions".

It is stated that the main government bodies responsible for issues relating to children in the community, including control over the prevention of the worst forms of child labor are the Special Commission on Minors under the Cabinet of Ministers, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, as well as Coordination Council on Child Labour.

In addition, direct control over compliance with current legislation on protection of the rights of the younger generation is also carried out by the Institute of Ombudsman and its branches in the regions.

Further reports on the conduct of the International Labour Organization in the period from 11 September to 31 October 2013 monitoring to prevent the use of child labor.

"The monitoring was conducted on the basis of principles and practices of the ILO, and also included conducting trainings and seminars across the country, - stated in the information material. - An approach based on the principles of capacity building, open communication, problem solving and mutual respect demonstrated by the high level of preparation and cooperation during the monitoring period".

It is noted that the monitoring revealed the absence of the use of forced child labor in a systematic manner. Along with this, in the course of the study there was widespread awareness of all citizens on the national legislation and international conventions in the field of prevention of child labor.

Special attention is given in the information material to the International Conference "The role of trade unions in ensuring citizens' rights to decent working conditions: the experience of Uzbekistan" held on April 22-23, 2015 in Tashkent.

IA "Jahon", Minsk

Baltic news service informs about the productive cooperation between Uzbekistan and the ILO

The website of Baltic News Service (BNS) posted information material "On measures taken in Uzbekistan to prevent the use of child and forced labor". In particular, it reports that our country by the way of building a democratic, law-based state, one of the first in the region has ratified 13 conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO), including forced labor and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child labor and others. It was noted that the provision of human rights and freedoms are the supreme purpose in Uzbekistan.

"Uzbek law provides criminal penalties for forced labor and human trafficking, the minimum age of recruitment, is prohibited to employ persons under 18 years of age in 34 areas of production, and they are not allowed to specific occupations in 1673, compulsory education for 12 years, after which Every year more than 500,000 young men and women get 2-3 profession demanded in the market", - noted in the material.

At the same time it stressed that the country created a system of state institutions to prevent forced labor, including the worst forms of child labor. "Confirmation of the commitment of Uzbekistan to further develop and strengthen constructive cooperation with the ILO on the implementation of the Convention №105 is adopted in April this year in the framework of the ILO signed a Memorandum of Understanding," the ILO country program for decent work in Uzbekistan for 2014-2016".

"Evidence of a strong commitment of Uzbekistan to fulfill its international obligations in the field of occupational safety and health is the development of constructive dialogue and intensified cooperation with the ILO in the last two years. Since 2013, 20 joint activities conducted with the ILO. Nine times representatives of the ILO have visited the republic.

At present in Uzbekistan together with the International Labour Organization the conditions of labor and employment practices of labor to harvest cotton are being studied.

Due to the fact that in the last year achieved a high level of cooperation with the ILO and, given the commitment of the Government of the Republic to fulfill international obligations, at the 103 Session of the ILC in 2014 Uzbekistan was not included in the number of countries which have problems with the implementation of ILO Conventions", - the article stresses.

IA "Jahon", Riga

Afghan newspaper about cooperation of Uzbekistan and the ILO

In the regular issue of the Afghan English language newspaper Daily Outlook Afghanistan published an article "Uzbekistan and the International Labour Organization signed a Memorandum of Understanding".

According to the publication, the ceremony of signing the document attached to it program on decent work in the country for 2014-2016 took place in Tashkent.

It is emphasized that in the framework of the Memorandum and Programme envisages cooperation in such priority areas as the strengthening of the social partnership in Uzbekistan to implement the fundamental principles and rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, improving working conditions and social protection.

The newspaper notes that the document will contribute to the promotion of international labor standards, the promotion of employment through the implementation of active labor market policies, the development of entrepreneurship, strengthen labor protection and extend coverage of social protection.

Special attention is given to the material Permanent Representative of UNDP and the Head of the EU delegation in Uzbekistan and expressed readiness to promote the activities, which will focus on the practical implementation of the program on decent work in the country for 2014-2016.

IA "Jahon", Kabul

Escap acquainted with the measures on protection of children's rights carried out in Uzbekistan

At the headquarters of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in Bangkok distributed information material on the measures undertaken in Uzbekistan to prevent the use of child and forced labor.

The document notes that fr om the first days of independence, Uzbekistan has chosen the path of building a democratic, legal state, wh ere the provision of human rights and freedoms are the supreme goal. Being a full member of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the country has ratified 13 ILO conventions, including the Forced Labour and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour and others.

As a confirmation of the commitment of Uzbekistan to further develop and strengthen constructive cooperation with the international community in the document states, "The country program of the ILO on decent work in Uzbekistan for 2014-2016", signed in April 2014.

"The program includes three strategic directions, in particular, strengthening social partnership, including a plan of action on the application of conventions on forced and child labor; encourage decent employment opportunities, including young people; development of an effective OSH management system, strengthening of social protection of the population", - the document informs.

It is emphasized that in Uzbekistan formed a reliable legal framework that protects children's rights in the workplace. Constitution prohibited any form of forced labor, which is the legal basis for the protection of citizens from exploitation, discrimination and coercion. Laws, adopted by the Labour Code, on employment, labor protection, compulsory social insurance against industrial accidents and occupational diseases, on social protection of disabled people, guaranteeing the rights of the child, combating human trafficing and others.

"During the years of independence, the country established a system of public institutions to prevent forced labor, including the worst forms of child labor, - stated in the material. - There is a special Commission for minors under the Cabinet of Ministers, headed by the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan, responsible for addressing virtually all matters relating to the situation of children in society, including control over the prevention of the worst forms of child labor.

At the same time, established the Coordination Council on Child Labour, which is composed of senior officials of the Council of Federation of Trade Unions, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, the Chamber of Commerce, Board of farmers".

Further reports on the conduct of the International Labour Organization in the period from 11 September to 31 October 2013 monitoring to prevent the use of child labor.

"The monitoring was conducted on the basis of principles and practices of the ILO, and also included conducting trainings and seminars across the country, - stated in the information material. - An approach based on the principles of capacity building, open communication, problem solving and mutual respect demonstrated by the high level of preparation and cooperation during the monitoring period".

It is noted that the monitoring revealed the absence of the use of forced child labor in a systematic manner. Along with this, in the course of the study there was widespread awareness of all citizens on the national legislation and international conventions in the field of prevention of child labor.

IA "Jahon"

Protection of children’s interests and rights is a priority task

18.06.2015
The Uzbekistan Trade Unions Federation jointly with the concerned ministries and agencies, under support from the International Labor Organization (ILO) at the republican and regional levels, a series of round table meetings were held dedicated to the International Day of Fighting against the Use of Child Labor.

It was noted at the said events that the matters related to securing the children’s rights, protection of health and giving them high quality education have become the priority directions of the government policy since the first days independence in Uzbekistan. For instance, legal frameworks have been created for the national education system aimed at radically reforming the education sphere, establishment and development of the national system of personnel training at the level of developed countries.

In 1992, Uzbekistan ratified the ILO Rights of Children Convention which is one of the first officially adopted international documents. The country has adopted the Guarantees of Child’s Rights. In all documents related to the child’s interests, the issues of securing the children’s rights have been set at the level of international standards.

The national model “A healthy mother means a healthy child” allowed to surround the fair part of the mankind and the rising generations with special care. Under its framework of implementation, the State Program of further strengthening the population’s reproductive health, protection of mothers’, children’s and teen-agers health in Uzbekistan for the period of 2014-2018 has been approved. Thanks to this, the women of fertile age, children and teen-agers have been totally covered, birth of children with congenital defects has been prevented.

In 2014 alone, 6.5 million preschoolers and school pupils, students of vocational colleges and lyceums were subjected to comprehensive medical examination which allows to detect disease at early stages and to successfully prevent them.

Uzbekistan conducts also free vaccination of all children at the age of two years which allowed to entirely eliminate such diseases as diphtheria, poliomyelitis and tetanus.

Today, 92 percent of the country’s children meet the standards of the World Health Organization in terms of development parameters. The rating of countries made up by the International Organization “Save the children” showed that Uzbekistan holds the 9th position among the 161 countries where the health of the rising generation is best taken care of.

At the same time, the country closely focuses on giving the young generation high-quality education. For instance, education expenditures annually allocated from the public budget constitute between 10 and 12% of the GDP. About 60% of the total annual budget of the country is channeled to the support of the social sphere of which half to education.

It is worth to note that based on the passed “Education” and “The National Personnel Training Program” laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the unified continuous education system has been introduced in the country. The general secondary education and secondary special, vocational education with the total period education of 12 years is mandatory and free of charge.

The fundamental feature of the model implemented in the country consists in the fact that the after 9 years of education in the general education school, the pupils continue the next 3 years in specialized vocational colleges and academic lyceums each, along with study of general education disciplines, receive vocational training in 2-3 professions demanded in the labor market.

Beside this, there is a system of additional education introduced which includes musical and sports schools, schools of arts, “Perfect Generation” Centers, study groups of various aspects. They ensure that children are purposefully and usefully occupied during their leisure time.

In general, during the period of independent development, around 9,500 schools, 1,500 lyceums and colleges have been built and rebuilt which have been also provided with all the required modern equipment and text-books.

In 2015, 353 general education schools are constructed, rebuilt and overhauled as well as 147 vocational colleges and academic lyceums are overhauled totally to the sum of UZS 400 bn. Until 2020, it is planned to construct, rebuild and overhaul 500 general education schools of which 101 will be newly built schools as well as 810 vocational colleges and academic lyceums will be overhauled.

According to the results of the survey of development of human assets conducted in 2012 by the World Intellectual Property Organization and one of the largest international business-schools INSEAD, Uzbekistan was the 5th on the planet in terms of the level of development of the education system.

According to Article 77, the Labor Code, Republic of Uzbekistan, recruitment is allowed as from the age of sixteen. Under the “Education Law” of the Republic of Uzbekistan, a system has been established for education that specifies 12-year education for all children which precludes existence of underage children in the labor market.

It has to be noted that in 2008 Uzbekistan ratified Convention 182 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) on prohibition of urgent actions to eliminate the worst forms of child labor and ILO Convention 138 on the minimal age for employment which is successfully implemented in practice. In order to enhance the liability of business entities and individuals for breaches in the requirements of inadmissibility of use of underage children’s labor, as well as for a breach in the labor code in respect of persons who are below 18 years old, in 2009 году, the Law re: “Amending the Labor Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative liability due to improvement of the laws regarding protection of the rights of the underage children”.

In accordance with this, said Code has been supplemented with new regulations that set up stricter liability for officers and other persons for e breach in the laws of labor and safety of underage youth, for use of underage youth labor in work that may cause harm their health, put at risk their safety or morals as well as for administratively forcing underage youth to work.

In accordance with Article 241, the labor Code, Republic of Uzbekistan, it is forbidden to sue the labor of youth below eighteen years old in work with unfavorable working conditions, underground and other work that may harm the health, put at risk their safety or morals of this category of laborers. It is not allowed for persons below eighteen years old to lift and mover loads exceeding the eight limits established.

Taking adequate steps to effectively implement the ILO conventions is the important topic of collective agreements between employers and Trade Unions. The general agreement between the country’s Government, the Trade Unions Federation and the Chamber of Trade and Industry on socio-economic issues for 2014-2016 contains direct prescription on commitment of the parties to faithfully abide by the ILO conventions. Similar commitments have been included in the collective compacts at the sector, territorial and local levels. For instance, almost all collective agreements contain regulatory provisions on compliance with the minimal age for employment and on prevention of the worst forms of use of child labor.

The system-based activities carried out in this respect ensure prevention of use of child labor. In order to enhance the said activities under the guidance of the Uzbekistan Trade Unions Federation, a Coordination Board has been created for child labor issues. It is a standing public authority consisting of representatives of concerned ministries and agencies, Trade Unions, employers’ association, other public society institutions.

The main objective of the Coordination Board is to coordinate activities and to unite the efforts of government bodies and public society institutes aiming at implementation of the national policy of elimination of the worst forms of use of child labor and improvement of activities in this sphere.

Due to development of agriculture and private farming as well as of small businesses and self-employed entrepreneurship, the activities related to prevention of use child labor in the said spheres are growing. For instance, activities are carried on to build up the potentials of employers, farmers, staff members of ministries and agencies, hokims of cities and districts, heads of education institutions, chairpersons of territorial committees of women and rural citizens. At the initiative of the Trade Unions Federation, lessons dedicated to study of national and international labor standards, including ILO Conventions with a special focus on the Child and Forced Labor Conventions have been included in all the courses of improvement of skills of administrative officers. Specific attention is paid to information/entertainment activities: special booklets, methodology guide-books are published, parents’ meetings are held which serve to enhance the awareness of both parents and their children.

In the process of its work, the Coordination Board specifically focus on monitoring prevention of use of child labor in various sectors of the economy. For example, cotton fields are monitored in autumn period, business at other times. Beside this, the Coordination Board holds its monthly meetings to address coordination and further improvement of activities in these directions.

Round table meetings at the republican level and in 14 regions of the country were conducted under the slogan: “No to child labor, yes to high-quality education!”.

UNO was informed on the activities of trade unions of Uzbekistan in the sphere of protection of labor rights

11.05.2015

Information on the international conference "The role of trade unions in ensuring citizens' rights to decent working conditions: the experience of Uzbekistan" held in Tashkent on 22-23 April this year, and its outcome was distributed in the United Nations Headquarters in New York, among the 193 member countries.

The community of nations has received detailed information about the basic rights of workers enshrined in the Constitution and laws of our country, fully derived from international standards in this area, special privileges and guarantees to ensure the employment of youth and women, the creation of decent working conditions for employees, providing additional leave for women child care, various surcharges associated with motherhood, and other measures taken in Uzbekistan social support.

The article also states that implemented in Uzbekistan under the leadership of President Islam Karimov, a strong social policy is an important factor in the creation of decent working conditions for citizens and the development of social protection systems, provide the results measures taken by the trade unions for the protection of the socio-economic interests and labor rights workers and their families.

"The country has a general agreement between the Government of Uzbekistan, the Council of Federation of Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce on socio-economic issues in the years 2014-2016. The document provides for the implementation of measures to ensure the creation of decent working conditions for different categories of workers. On the basis of the Agreement in the country operate 90 branch and 14 regional agreements, directly to enterprises, organizations and institutions - more than 100 thousand collective agreements. All collective bargaining acts specified items such as the promotion of formal employment, decent wages, security and safety, legal and social protection of workers, benefits for women and young people, respect for ILO Conventions and other", - the document reports.

It is also noted that the conference representatives of international organizations, foreign trade union centers and international experts praised the experience of Uzbekistan to guarantee citizens' rights to decent working conditions. In particular, it was emphasized that the country achieved high results in the expansion of employment opportunities and income generation, improvement of social protection and strengthening social dialogue.

In particular, the fundamental rights of workers enshrined in the Constitution and laws of the republic, fully consistent with international labor standards, and in many areas even surpass them, noted participants in the forum. In particular, there are specific benefits and guarantees in providing employment, creating the necessary conditions for workers.

"In recent years, about 60% of the cost of the State budget are directed to social sphere, - reported in the material. - To carry out large-scale measures to improve the level and quality of life, provide workers decent pay and safe working conditions. Much has been done in such areas as the improvement of labor law and pension system, labor market regulation".

The following provides information about programs in our country, the measures to establish social security system trudyaschihsya.Soobschaetsya that the country's state social insurance applies to all employees. Includes cash payments or services for sickness, maternity and old-age pension, disability and survivor benefits. Measures are being taken to stimulate the demand for labor, the creation of stable jobs.

Effectively develop small business, farming, domestic work, handicraft, services and service driven livestock production in private farms, the establishment of agricultural companies in rural areas. This eliminates all barriers to the development of private enterprise, reduced government presence in the economy and other areas. All this contributes to an increase in the scope of employment, there is no sharp stratification of the population by income level.

The opinions of the conference participants were cited about that constructive social dialogue between the government, unions and employers serves to strengthen social protection of workers. "The country has accumulated rich experience in the implementation of public control in the sphere of labor, trade unions are given broad powers to ensure that the rights of workers to decent working conditions", - the document informs.

As reported by the document, Uzbekistan besides international conferences are regularly held "round tables", seminars, briefings on the social protection of the population and the introduction of legislation in the country's standards to ensure decent work. They are representatives of international organizations and trade union activists from foreign countries to exchange views and experiences in this area.

Thus, today the experience and success of our country in the field of labor rights are recognized and widely studied by the international community. International Conference "The role of trade unions in ensuring citizens' rights to decent working conditions: the experience of Uzbekistan", information about which is common among UN member states, has become a kind of presentation of the achievements of our country in this sphere.

IA "Jahon", New York

Uzbekistan's experience in the field of labor rights protection - in the focus of world attention

08.05.2015

International Conference "The role of trade unions in ensuring citizens' rights to decent working conditions: the experience of Uzbekistan" held in Tashkent on 22-23 April this year, aroused great interest among the public, political and expert circles of foreign countries, and received wide coverage in the local and foreign media.

A high level of expertise activities due authority of its participants - members of both chambers of the Oliy Majlis, representatives of state and public organizations, as well as the delegation of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the International Trade Union Confederation, heads of international organizations accredited in Uzbekistan, international experts from Germany, Denmark, Georgia, China, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, France, allowed to discuss the relevance for all states and societies subject. In addition, the conference provided an opportunity to more clearly and effectively inform the world community with the experience of Uzbekistan in the field of protection of the rights of citizens to decent working conditions.

As a result - a wide resonance and international interest in the "Uzbek model" of development, efficiency and effectiveness of one of its fundamental principles - "conducting a strong social policy."

Thus, information about the international conference and its outcome was distributed in the United Nations Headquarters in New York, among the 193 member countries. The community of nations has received detailed information about the basic rights of workers enshrined in the Constitution and laws of our country, fully derived from international standards in this area, special privileges and guarantees to ensure the employment of youth and women, the creation of decent working conditions for employees, providing additional leave for women child care, various surcharges associated with motherhood, and other measures taken in Uzbekistan social support.

At the same time, the materials on the results of the conference were distributed to the 57 member countries, 11 co-operatio